Literature Review: Cognitive Abilities--Theory, History, and Validity
Interim rept. Jan 1982-Dec 1983
HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH ORGANIZATION ALEXANDRIA VA
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The research described in this report was performed under Project A, the Armys large-scale, multiyear manpower and personnel effort for improving the selection, classification, and utilization of Army personnel. This report is one of three derived from an extensive literature review to identify constructs that might enhance the accuracy of the Army screening system the other two reports deal, respectively, with psychomotor abilities and with utility of temperament, biodata, and interests assessment. Researchers identified and defined the constructs included in the cognitive ability domain and summarized early efforts to measure intelligence and contemporary cognitive taxonomies and testing techniques. They described the development and use of cognitive ability measures for vocational guidance and prediction of work performance and discussed social and legal implications of such measurement. They summarized the validity evidence for traditional psychometric measures.