Observation of Harmonic Gyro-Backward-Wave Oscillation in a 100 GHz CARM Oscillator Experiment
NORTHEAST AIR COMMAND PEPPERELL AFB ST JOHNS (NEWFOUNDLAND)
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A cyclotron autoresonance maser CARM oscillator experiment is reported, using a 600 keV, 200 A electron beam, and a whispering-gallery-mode rippled-wall Bragg cavity. This device was designed to produce tens of megawatts of radiation at 100 GHz from a CARM interaction, but instead has produced only moderate powers tens of kWs in fundamental gyrotron modes near 35 GHz, in third-harmonic-gyro-BWO modes, and possible third-harmonic gyrotron modes at frequencies near the expected CARM frequency, with no discernable CARM radiation. The lack of observable CARM radiation is attributed to excessive ripple on the voltage waveform and to mode competition. Calculations of the spectrum and growth rate of the backward-wave oscillations are consistent with the experimental observation.
- Lasers and Masers