Effect of Shrapnel Penetration on Lithium-Carbon Monofluoride and Lithium-Manganese Dioxide Batteries
MATERIALS RESEARCH LABS ASCOT VALE (AUSTRALIA)
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National BR23A lithium-carbon monofluoride and Duracell DL23A lithium-manganese dioxide batteries were subjected to simulated shrapnel penetration using a projectile from an M16 rifle. Trials were conducted on batteries in various states of charge 0, 50 and 100 discharged in both wet and dry environments. Only one fully charged Duracell battery under wet conditions caught fire during the tests. The effects of environmental conditions, the chemical reactions involved, and the state of charge of the batteries on the probability of the batteries igniting are discussed.
- Electrochemical Energy Storage