Nutritional Assessment of Cadets at the U.S. Military Academy. Part 1. Anthropometric and Biochemical Measures
Final rept. Apr-Nov 1990,
ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA
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We conducted a study of 128 male and 90 female cadet volunteers at the U.S. Military Academy in April 1990 to assess nutritional health endpoints of body composition, serum lipids, and iron status, as part of a larger nutrition study. The body composition of cadets has not changed from that measured in cadets 10 years ago. Mean values of circumferentially-determined body fat were 12 men and 26.5 women no men and only 14 of the women were overfat by AR 600-9 standards for 21-27 year olds, although by the standards of the Cadet Weight Management Program, half of the women would be classified as overfat. In this fit sample of cadets, 80 of women and 37 of men stated that they were attempting to lose weight. Serum lipid profiles indicated low cardiovascular disease risk for this population 6 of men and 3 of women in this study exceeded the cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol screening limits recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program. When all cadets in this population were considered, skinfold-determined fatness, fasting serum insulin levels, and family history of high blood pressure were the factors most related to higher levels of cholesterol andor decreased HDL-cholesterol for the males, but fatness was unrelated for the women.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition