Hydraulic and Environmental Effects of Channel Stabilization, Twentymile Creek, Mississippi
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
Twenty mile Creek, was straightened and enlarged about 1910, 1936-37, and in 1966. Extreme channel instability followed the 1966 modifications, and corrective measures placement of bank protection and construction of three grade control structures GCS, were taken between 1982 and 1988. This report describes hydraulic and environmental studies which were performed to determine effects of the corrective measures. Environmental studies were structured to investigate recovery mechanisms. Other investigators have noted that other incised Mississippi streams have recovered stability by forming low-flow channels and vegetated longitudinal berms within the enlarged section. Low-flow channels have been suggested as features to ameliorate channel modification impacts on aquatic habitats. Woody vegetation cover on bank lines of selected reaches of Twentymile Creek and two reference streams was mapped from aerial photos taken before 1981 and 3 years after 1985 GCS construction. Aquatic habitat diversity was quantified for selected reaches along Twentymile and Mubby-Chiwapa Creeks by measuring depth, velocity, cover, and bottom type at regularly spaced points during summer low flow and using results to compute a Shannon function index. Fish species diversity and habitat diversity were only weakly correlated.
- Hydrology, Limnology and Potamology
- Civil Engineering