Accession Number:

ADA231380

Title:

Expert Planning Processes in Writing

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 15 Jun 1985-14 Jun 1988

Corporate Author:

CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1990-12-17

Pagination or Media Count:

54.0

Abstract:

This report summarizes research conducted under contract No. 00014- 85-K-0423 on the nature of planning processes in writing. Section 1 presents a general characterization of planning based on an integration of planning research in the fields of A. I., cognitive science, and writing. This characterization provides a framework for studying planning in writing. Section 2 summarizes two protocol studies designed to identify characteristics of planning in writing. Several differences among expert and novice writing strategies are identified. Section 3 reports two experimental studies of skills which are fundamental to planning in writing. The first explores writers ability to judge when the use of metaphor will help readers to comprehend a text. The second demonstrates that providing writers with topic knowledge can make them insensitive to the readers need to have that topic knowledge explained to them.

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE