Expert Planning Processes in Writing
Final rept. 15 Jun 1985-14 Jun 1988
CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA
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This report summarizes research conducted under contract No. 00014- 85-K-0423 on the nature of planning processes in writing. Section 1 presents a general characterization of planning based on an integration of planning research in the fields of A. I., cognitive science, and writing. This characterization provides a framework for studying planning in writing. Section 2 summarizes two protocol studies designed to identify characteristics of planning in writing. Several differences among expert and novice writing strategies are identified. Section 3 reports two experimental studies of skills which are fundamental to planning in writing. The first explores writers ability to judge when the use of metaphor will help readers to comprehend a text. The second demonstrates that providing writers with topic knowledge can make them insensitive to the readers need to have that topic knowledge explained to them.
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