Analysis of Helicopter Mishaps at Heliports, Airports and Unimproved Sites
SYSTEMS CONTROL TECHNOLOGY INC ARLINGTON VA
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A task was undertaken to determine possible inadequacies if FAA design standards and guidelines set forth in the Helicopter Design Advisory Circular AC 1505390-2. This report is based upon the results of an analysis of helicopter mishaps which occurred within a 1 mile radius of various landing sites, including heliports, airports, and unimproved sites. NTSB and U.S. Army reports describing mishaps that occurred at or near a facility were used. The focus of the analysis was to determine the manner in which facility design may contribute to mishaps. Particular attention was given to issues concerning the size, obstruction clearance, and adequacy of facility protected airspace and operational areas. Mishap type and location, as well as the applicable design issues, were analyzed from the reports and are discussed. This study concludes that overall, the Heliport Design Advisory Circular provides very good guidelines for heliport design and is a valid instrument. Several areas for possible improvement within the document have been identified. Recommendations include areas addressing obstruction marking, facility maintenance, wind indicator location, and guidelines for operations at airports.
- Military Aircraft Operations
- Civilian Aircraft
- Terminal Flight Facilities