A Two-Dimensional Photochemical Model of the Troposphere
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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An experiment using a time-dependent, two-dimensional photochemical model of the troposphere to model the vertical and zonal distribution of ozone and its precursors is presented. The experiment examines two cases. Case I simulates vertical transport due to diffusion and zonal transport due to advection, with surface emissions of ozone precursors in the center of the model domain representing an urban environment with light wind conditions favorable for the formation of ozone in concentrations greater than 80 parts per billion by volume ppbv. In Case II, an elevated source of ozone and its precursors is introduced at the upstream boundary in order to investigate the role of advection of these chemical species on ozone concentrations. the first simulation produces surface ozone concentrations greater than 120 ppbv in the air above the urban area, and the second simulation produces an increase of 3 - 10 percent in this region. A comparison of Case I and Case II results shows that enhanced photochemical production of ozone due to the addition of ozones precursors play an important role in this increase.
- Atmospheric Physics
- Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry