The Oceanic Cloudy Atmosphere: Measurement Requirements and Solution Options
NAVAL ENVIRONMENTAL PREDICTION RESEARCH FACILITY MONTEREY CA
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The cloudy oceanic atmosphere influences warfare in a many ways. This paper presents the results of a quantitative evaluation of the effects of clouds and other atmospheric parameters on naval warfare areas and considers the use of a microwave system as deployed from airborne platforms to measure the desired parameters. The quantitative analysis scheme consists of development of a matrix with rows of cloud and other atmospheric parameters and columns of naval warfare areas. The study required development of an appropriate list of environmental parameters and a knowledge of the accuracy and resolution to which each parameter should be known. All warfare areas were found to be significantly influenced by at least some atmospheric phenomena, with anti-air, anti-surface ship, and strike warfare being the most sensitive. Measurement of cloud cover in an ocean environment can only be accomplished by a combination of surface, airborne, and satellite remote sensors. Both active and passive microwave systems are discussed.
- Naval Surface Warfare
- Undersea and Antisubmarine Warfare