STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
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Fluorescent emission by an atom near a phase conjugator PC based on four-wave mixing is studied from first principles. The Maxwell Heisenberg equations are solved for the radiation field, and with an asymptotic expansion an expression is derived for the field in the far zone. The total emitted power which can be measured by a detector in this region is evaluated, and it is found that this power acquires three distinct contributions. First, there are photons which are emitted by the atom directly towards the detector, and without any interaction with the medium. Second, there are photons that first travel towards the surface of the PC, and they have a certain probability of being reflected in the specular direction and towards the detector. The third kind of radiation consists of phase-conjugated photons, which are emitted independently of the previous ones. It is shown that the first two processes are a result of simple atomic spontaneous decay, but that the emission of a phase-conjugated fluorescent photon involves a three-photon process. The latter process has a probability proportional to the population of the atomic ground state. It is pointed out that an atom in its ground state polarizes the nonlinear medium of the PC, which subsequently can emit spontaneously two photons. An absorption- emission-absorption process by the atom then produces a fluorescent photon, together with a spontaneous excitation of the atom.
- Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy