A Criterion for the Optimal Design of Multi-Axis Force Sensors
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE LAB
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This paper deals with the design of multi-axis force also known as forcetorque sensors, as considered within the framework of optimal design theory. Optimal design procedures consist of finding the combination of design variables that extremizes some optimality criterion provided a suitable mathematical formulation of the problem, solutions can be efficiently obtained through currently available numerical techniques. The principal goal of this paper is to identify a mathematical objective function, whose minimization corresponds to the optimization of sensor accuracy. The methodology employed is derived from linear algebra and analysis of numerical stability An objective function which can be applied to a large class of sensor configurations is proposed. The problem of optimizing the number of basic transducers employed in a multi-component sensor is also addressed. Finally, applications of the proposed method to the design of a simple sensor as well as to optimization of a novel, 6-axis miniaturized sensor are discussed.