Accession Number:

ADA230459

Title:

Effects of Specific Heat Ratio on a Simulated Chemical Laser Cavity Flow

Descriptive Note:

Master's thesis

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1990-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

103.0

Abstract:

Mixing of primary cold flow air and secondary helium to control the ratio of specific heats for the medium flowing through a simulated chemical laser nozzlelasing cavity was accomplished. The effects of a range of mixture specific heat ratios on flowfield behavior were examined using static pressure ports in the test cavity. Schlieren photography and high speed filming aided description of the flow dynamics. Results indicated that boundary layer effects became evident in the nozzles as specific heat ratios increased. Large pressure fluctuations were observed in the cavity when helium was introduced into the flow to raise the specific heat ratio. This unstable behavior was attributed to the helium mass flow into the mixer and the mixer design itself. Use of the air helium mixer brought about the pressure fluctuations earlier in a test run than with than with the mixer removed under the same conditions. Favorable pressure conditions for lasing were achieved for at least two seconds for the supersonic nozzles design specific heat ratio of 1.51. Adverse pressure behavior was also attributed to three dimensional viscous effects along the cavity walls. JHD

Subject Categories:

  • Lasers and Masers

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE