Accession Number:

ADA229947

Title:

Covalent and Ionic Contributions to the Bonding of Atomic and Molecular Adsorbates on Metal Surfaces: A Cluster Model Approach

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

IBM ALMADEN RESEARCH CENTER SAN JOSE CA

Report Date:

1990-02-19

Pagination or Media Count:

36.0

Abstract:

The molecular cluster model approach for the description of processes at surface is presented. It involves using finite clusters which contain surface atoms interacting with atomic or molecular adsorbates. Accurate ab initio wavefunctions can be obtained for the clusters and thus makes it possible to describe the bonding in terms that are familiar for molecular systems. The adsorbate-substrate interaction can be analyzed by means of new techniques developed to characterize the bonding as covalent or ionic. This is shown for F on Ag111 and O and CO on Cu100 systems. The measures of adsorbate ionicity are a the expectation value of a projection operator giving an indication of the number of electrons associated with the adsorbate, b the analysis of the dipole moment curve as function of the distance, and c the effect of an external electric field on the adsorbate geometry. The consequences of ionic adsorbates on metal surfaces is discussed for two selected topics adsorption of thiocyanate on Ag electrodes and coadsorption of CO with ionic species. JS

Subject Categories:

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE