An Evaluation of the Environmental Fate and Behavior of Munitions Material (TNT, RDX) in Soil and Plant Systems. Environmental Fate and Behavior of RDX
Final rept. Jul 1989-Oct 1990
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST RICHLAND WA PACIFIC NORTHWEST LABS
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The object of the present investigation was to elucidate the environmental behavior and fate of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine RDX , particularly as related to its transport and chemical form in the food chain. To meet This goal, we needed to adapt and develop suitable analytical methodology to fractionate and characterize both RDX and RDX-derived residues in soil and plant matrices. Using the methodology that we developed, we assessed the chemical and physical fate of RDX in soils and plants. In general, the plant ability and plant mobility of RDX is substantially greater than that previously reported for TNT. The extent of soil sorption of RDX after 60 days of incubation was less than 2. Mass-balance deficits were only partially attributed to mineralization of RDX to CO2, and no volatile organic residues were detected. Chemical analysis of solvent extracts of soils incubated over a 60 day period showed only the parent compound to be present.
- Soil Mechanics
- Ammunition and Explosives
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control