Baseline Upper Air Network (BUAN)
NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC
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The primary goal of the BUAN experiment would be to test the hypothesis which states that an immediate improvement in satellite sounding accuracy would occur through improvements in the collocation data base used to empirically adjust the retrieval model. An important goal was to compile a high quality data set of radiosonde and radiometric measurements to support research which could lead to long term improvements in sounding accuracy. The BUAN would optimally consist of a small, globally distributed set of radiosonde stations selected from the currently operational observing stations. A key element of the Buan network was the requirement to take special radiosonde observations coincident with satellite overpasses. This report describes the special data collection, processing and evaluation done as part of the BUAN experiment. It describes the processing and distribution of NOAA-10 overpass information, collection of BUAN radiosonde observations, and their collocation with satellite data. It also describes the principles and components of the TOVS operational system used to test the BUAN hypothesis, and presents evaluation results.