Historical Analysis of Spain's Entrance into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Its Lack of Full Integration into the Military Force Structure
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOOL OF SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS
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This thesis examines factors surrounding Spains entrance into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO as well as its nonintegration into the alliances military force structure. International relationships significant in the time preceeding Spains entrance into NATO are examined, focusing primarily on the United States. NATOs benefits from Spains membership are discussed as are the advantages afforded to Spain by joining NATO. This research assesses the changing attitude of the Spanish Socialist Party PSOE towards NATO. The PSOE initially opposed Spanish integration into NATO while the country was ruled by a centrist government. However, when the PSOE took control of the government their NATO position became noncommittal and finally, by the 1986 referendum, switched to a pro-alliance stance. The final issue addressed deals with the bilateral defense agreement between Spain and the United States. Of considerable interest is the reduction of U.S. military forces in Spain, specifically, the withdrawal of the 401st Tactical Fighter Wing from Torrejon Air Base.
- Government and Political Science