Civil Defense Home Shelters: a Viable Defense Strategy for the 1990s
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This study investigated the question Why are fallout shelters not a part of U.S. national defense strategy and policy Initial research determined that the U.S. has the technology to design and build shelters, they are effective protection from radioactive fallout, and nuclear aggression against the U.S. remains a potential national threat. The research examined the physical threats posed by nuclear weapons, followed by a brief description of fallout shelters and their ability to shield against fallout radiation in terms of the ration of time in shelter to amount of exposure. Several opposing arguments from opponents and proponents of a national fallout shelter program were categorized and expressed within U.S. National Security Strategy, military, economic, and political terms. The principal argument against a national fallout shelter program, including home fallout shelters, is the momentum of over 30 years of successful deterrence. On the other hand, the relatively simple technology, the affordability, and the potential for saving millions of lives in low-risk areas that would otherwise be lost should deterrence fail, argue strongly in favor of a national home fallout shelter system.
- Civil Defense