Area Handbook Series: El Salvador: A Country Study
2nd edition for period ending Nov 1988
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC FEDERAL RESEARCH DIV
Pagination or Media Count:
Events in El Salvador assumed worldwide prominence in the late 1970s as political and social tensions fueled a violent civil conflict that persisted throughout the 1980s. The intense controversy and scrutiny accorded this diminutive nation ran counter to the relative obscurity that has characterized it during its colonial and national history. A backwater of the Spanish Empire, El Salvador passed through the turbulent era of the Central American Federation 1823-41 to separate independence as a liberal state dominated both politically and economically by a landed oligarchy. The roots of this elite-dominated system lie in Spanish colonial structures the system bequeathed to modern El Salvador a legacy of economic and social inequality and political authoritarianism-not a promising base on which to build a democratic state. Keywords El Salvador Governmentforeign, Foreign aid.