Ammonia Chemisorption Studies on Silicon Cluster Ions
Interim technical rept.
RICE UNIV HOUSTON TX DEPT OF CHEMISTRY
Pagination or Media Count:
Silicon clusters in the size range from 5 to 66 atoms were generated by laser vaporization in a supersonic nozzle and injected into the ion trap of a specially-designed Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance apparatus. On the positively charged clusters ammonia chemisorption reaction rates were found to vary by over three orders of magnitude as a function of cluster size, with clusters of 21, 25, 33, 39, and 45 atoms being particularly unreactive, and cluster 43 being the most reactive. For the negative cluster ions, 43 was the only cluster found to react substantially. Although the reaction behaviour of many clusters clearly indicated that several structural isomers were present with different reaction rates, the strikingly low net reactivity of such clusters as 39 and 45 provides evidence that they have effectively crystallized into a single specially stable form. Keywords Surface chemistry Ammonia chemisorption Silicon cluster ions.
- Physical Chemistry