Species Profiles. Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (Pacific Northwest). Pacific Herring
OREGON STATE UNIV CORVALLIS DEPT OF FISHERIES AND WILDLIFE
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This species profile is one of a series on coastal aquatic organisms, principally fish, of sport, commercial, or ecological importance. The profiles are designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development. Each profile has sections on taxonomy, life history, ecological role, environmental requirements, and economic importance, if applicable. The Pacific herring has a long history of exploitation for human consumption and reduction of fisheries for animal feeds and as an item of trade. It also provides food for a wide variety of pelagic, intertidal, and avian predators. The Pacific herring is particularly susceptible to the influences of shoreline development because its spawning grounds are limited to rather specific intertidal and shallow subtidal locations. This and other life history characteristics also make it susceptible to overfishing. Fishes life cycles.
- Biological Oceanography