Alcohol and Drug Abuse Hospitalizations Among Submarine Personnel in the U.S. Navy
Interim rept. 1974-1979,
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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This study evaluated alcohol and drug abuse risks associated with U. S. Navy submarine duty by comparing hospitalization rates of submariners with surface-ship personnel for five occupational groups. Occupational groups included administrativeclerical, apprentice, blue collar, electronictechnical, and medical personnel. Occupational groups were compared between ship type using age-adjusted hospitalization rates for alcohol and drug abuse related diagnoses. For alcohol abuse, submarine personnel had significantly lower hospitalization rates than surface-ship personnel for each of the five occupational groups. Hospitalization rate for alcohol abuse across all occupational groups for submariners was less than one-half the rate for surface-ship personnel. For drug abuse hospitalizations, submarine personnel had a significantly lower rate in the blue collar occupations. Hospitalization rate for drug abuse across all occupational groups for submariners was about one-half the rate for surface-ship personnel. Reasons for lower alcohol and drug abuse among submariners may be stringent screening, higher levels of education, and severe penalties for substance abuse for submariners.
- Medicine and Medical Research