Injury Severity Scores and Nutritional Status in the Trauma Patients
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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This study used a retrospective descriptive design using the Roy adaptation model to examine the relationship between trauma patients Injury Severity Scores ISS and nutritional needs. Nutritional needs were defined as protein requirement to achieve a positive nitrogen balance. Data on 32 subjects aged 20-50 years was examined. The sample was 62.5 males and 37.5 females. All subjects were admitted to a single hospital over a 6-month period with diagnoses of traumatic injuries. All subjects received nutritional support while hospitalized. Data were gathered from the trauma registry and patient records. Urinary nitrogen was used as an indicator of nitrogen balance. Protein received post-injury was correlated with the ISS for each patient. Subjects ISS ranged from 4 to 29. Pearson correlations and descriptive data were used to examine the relationships. A statistically insignificant weak correlation between the ISS and the nutritional requirement to obtain a positive nitrogen balance was found. A positive correlation r .0632, p .731, alpha .05 was identified between the ISS and the number of days required to achieve a positive nitrogen balance.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Food, Food Service and Nutrition