Risk Factors for Prevalent Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Active Duty Army Men Who Initially Report No Identified Risk: A Case-Control Study
WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC DIV OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
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A large proportion of human immunodeficiency virus antibody HIV-Ab positive male soldiers are considered to be at no identified risk NIR because they do not disclose histories of sexual activity with other men, intravenous drug use, blood transfusions, or sexual activity with persons at known high risk for HIV infection. A case-control study involving personal interview with 26 NIR cases and 74 controls was conducted to determine if lifestyle information that might jeopardize a soldiers military career could be obtained from an Army population and to evaluate risk factors for prevalent HIV infection. Subjects consented to a voluntary, anonymous, and confidential interview containing information on demographic characteristics, medical history, drug use, and sexual behavior. Of 26 cases interviewed, 20 76.9 reported behaviors defined by the Centers for Disease Control CDC as risk factors for HIV infection, while 11 of 74 14.9 controls also reported such behaviors.
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