Molecular Cloning and Sequence Analysis of the Sta58 Major Antigen Gene of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi: Sequence homology and Antigenic Comparison of Sta58 to the 60-Kilodalton Family of Stress Proteins
WALTER REED ARMY INST OF RESEARCH WASHINGTON DC DEPT OF RICKETTSIAL DISEASES
Pagination or Media Count:
The scrub typhus 58-kilodalton kDa antigen Sta58 of Rickettsia tsutsugamushi is a major protein antigen of often recognized by humans infected with scrub typhus rickettsiae. A 2.9 kilobase HindIII fragment containing a complete sta58 gene was cloned in Escherichia coli and found to express the entire Sta58 antigen and a smaller protein with an apparent molecular mass of 11kDa Stp11. DNA sequence analysis of the 2.9-kilobase HindIII fragment revealed two adjacent open reading frames encoding proteins of 11 Stp11 and 60 kDa Sta58. Comparisons of deduced amino acid sequences disclosed a high degree of homology between the R. tsutsugamushi proteins of primordial heat shock proteins designated Hsp10Hsp60. Although the sequence homology between the Sta58 antigen and the Hsp60 protein family is striking, the Sta58 protein appeared to be antigenically distinct among a sample of other bacterial Hsp60 homologs, including the typhus group of rickettsia. Keywords Rickettsia tsutsugamushi Antigens Molecular cloning Scrub typhus Heat-shock proteins Nucleotide sequence.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology