Genomic Organization and Expression of Campylobacter Flagellin Genes
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD
Pagination or Media Count:
Campylobacter coli VC167, which undergoes an antigenic flagellar variation, contains two full-length flagellin genes, flaA and flaB, that are located adjacent to one another in a tandem orientation and are 91.5 homologous. The gene product of flaB, which ahs an Mr of 58,956, has 93 sequence homology to the gene product of flaA, which has an Mr of 58,916 S. M. Logan, T. J. Trust, and P. Guerry, J. Bacteriol. 1713031-3038, 1989. Mutational analyses and primer extension experiments indicated that the two genes are transcribed under the control of distinct promoters but they are expressed concomitantly in the same cell, regardless of the antigenic phase of flagella being produced. The flaA gene, which was expressed at higher levels than the flaB gene in both phases, was transcribed from a typical sigma28-type promoter, whereas the flaB promoter was unusual. A mutant producing only the flaB gene product did not synthesize a flagellar filament and was nonmotile. Southern blot analysis indicated that flagellar antigenic variation involves a rearrangement of flagellin sequence information rather than the alternate expression of the two distinct genes. Reprints.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology