Accession Number:

ADA222749

Title:

On the Formation of Maleic Anhydride on a Vanadyl Pyrophosphate Surface: A Theoretical Study of the Mechanism

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

CORNELL UNIV ITHACA NY

Report Date:

1990-05-25

Pagination or Media Count:

48.0

Abstract:

An analysis of the electronic structure of a vanadyl pyrophosphate surface and of the oxidation of 1,3-butadiene to maleic anhydric by molecular oxygen catalyzed by this surface is presented. The surface contains pairs of edge-sharing vanadium-oxygen octahedra. Each pair has two vanadyl groups, one pointing towards the bulk of the catalyst, the other one being free to interact with incoming molecules. The frontier orbitals of 1,3-butadiene are set up for an interaction with the oxygen in the vanadyl group in a 24 like concerted mechanism forming a 2,5-dihydrofuran. The most favourable geometries of the adsorbed species are discussed from an analysis based on the extended Hueckel approach. The activation of molecular oxygen on the surface is discussed. A comparison of two structures, eta 1-superoxo and eta 2-peroxo adsorbed dioxygen is presented. A mechanism for the oxygen transfer to 2,5-dihydrofuran is proposed involving an initial abstraction of a hydrogen in the 2-position from 2,5-dihydrofuran by the coadsorbed dioxygen species, leading to first a 2- hydroxy derivative followed by the formation of an asymmetric unsaturated lactone. The oxidation of the 5-position is suggested to take place in a similar way. JG

Subject Categories:

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE