Accession Number:

ADA222725

Title:

The Validation and Application of a Rotor Acoustic Prediction Computer Program

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION MOFFETT FIELD CA AMES RESEARCH CENTER

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1990-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

An essential prerequisite to reducing the acoustic detectability of military rotorcraft is a better understanding of main rotor noise which is the major contributor to the overall noise. A simple, yet accurate, Rotor Acoustic Prediction Program RAPP has been developed to advance the understanding of main rotor noise. This prediction program uses the Fforwcs Williams and Hawkings FW-H equation. The particular form of the FW-H equation used is well suited for the coupling of the measured blade surface pressure to the prediction of acoustic pressure. The FW-H equation is an inhomogeneous wave equation that is valid in all space and governs acoustic pressure generated by thin moving bodies. The nonhomogeneous terms describe mass displacement due to surface motion and forces due to local surface stresses, such as viscous stress and pressure distribution on the surface. This paper examines two of the four types of main rotor noise BVI noise and low-frequency noise. Blade-vortex interaction noise occurs when a tip vortex, previously shed by a rotor blade, passes close enough to a rotor blade to cause large variations in the blade surface pressures. This event is most disturbing when it happens on the advancing side of the rotor disk. Low-frequency noise includes hover and low to moderate speed forward flight. For these flight conditions, the low frequency components of the acoustic signal dominate. RAPP was developed for BVI and low-frequency applications which are the flight producing the propagating noise that leads to acoustic detection.

Subject Categories:

  • Helicopters
  • Computer Programming and Software
  • Acoustics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE