Accession Number:

ADA222462

Title:

Numerical Investigation of Laminar-Turbulent Transition in a Flat Plate Wake

Descriptive Note:

Final supplement rept. 1 Mar 1988-28 Feb 1989

Corporate Author:

ARIZONA UNIV TUCSON DEPT OF AEROSPACE AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Report Date:

1990-03-02

Pagination or Media Count:

278.0

Abstract:

Lamina-turbulent transition of high-deficit flat plate wakes is investigated by direct numerical simulations using the complete Navier Stokes equations. The simulations are based on a spatial model so that both the base flow and the disturbance flow can develop in the downstream direction. The Navier Stokes equations are used in a vorticity-velocity form and are solved using a combination of finite difference and spectral approximations. Fourier series are used in the spanwise direction. Second-order finite-differences are used to approximate the spatial derivatives in the streamwise and transverse directions. For the temporal discretion, a combination of ADI, Crank-Nicolson, and Adams-Bashforth methods is employed. The discretized velocity equations are solved using fast Helmholtz solvers. Code validation is accomplished by comparison of the numerical results to both linear stability and to experiments. Calculations of two- andor three-dimensional sinuous and mode disturbances in the wake of flat plate are undertaken. For calculations of two-dimensional disturbances, the wake is forced at an amplitude level so that nonlinear disturbance development may be observed. In addition, the forcing amplitude is varied in order to determine its effect on the disturbance behavior. To investigate the onset of three-dimensionality, the wake is forced with a small- amplitude three-dimensional disturbance and a larger amplitude two-dimensional disturbance. The two-dimensional forcing amplitude is varied in order to determine its influence on the three-dimensional flow field.

Subject Categories:

  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE