Accession Number:

ADA222183

Title:

Estimating Characteristics of Chemical Explosions in New England and Eastern Kazakhstan Using Local and Regional Seismic Data

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Oct 1988-Sep 1989,

Corporate Author:

AIR FORCE SYSTEMS COMMAND HANSCOM AFB MA GEOPHYSICS LAB

Report Date:

1989-11-09

Pagination or Media Count:

20.0

Abstract:

One of the problems associated with monitoring a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty is that of discrimination between small explosions and earthquakes based on seismic data. Chemical explosions are used routinely in the mining and construction industries in both the United States and the Soviet Union. These chemical explosions usually occur at very shallow depths a few tens of feet, and probably are all shallower than a few hundred meters. Most nuclear explosions are detonated at depths of less than about one kilometer, and the deepest underground nuclear explosions are a few kilimeters deep. On the other hand, most earthquakes occur deeper in the earths crust. Thus, accurate estimation of the depths of seismic sources can be helpful in discriminating earthquakes from explosions. During the past several years, the Principal Investigator PI for this summer project has been studying the use of short- period Rayleigh waves Rg as a depth discriminant for seismic sources in New England. jes

Subject Categories:

  • Seismology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE