Five-Year Summary of Fort Irwin, California, Family Housing Comparison Test: Operation and Maintenance Costs of Manufactured vs. Conventionally Built Units
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
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To determine if manufacturedfactory-built family housing is more cost-effective in providing housing than conventional construction, Congress directed that a test be conducted of construction methods. In 1982, Congress authorized the construction of 200 units of manufacturedfactory-built housing at Fort Irwin, CA, and concurrently, 144 units of conventionally built units. Congress directed the Department of Defense DOD to conduct a fair and reliable study comparing the operation and maintenance OM costs of manufactured housing to those of conventional housing. DOD reported to Congressional committees on the conditions and parameters under which this test would be conducted and the results of the test after the housing had been in use for 5 years. To compare these two types of construction, DOD identified the annual OM costs, determined the cost to correct all outstanding repairs, and obtained user satisfaction. Differences in OM costs were identified and the reasons for those differences determined. This is a summary of the 5-year study. Compared are the first 5 years of OM costs and occupant satisfaction. Keywords Fort Irwin, CA, Housing projects, Operation and maintenance, Cost analysis, Prefabricated buildings.
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies