Accession Number:

ADA220642

Title:

State-of-the-Art for Assessing Earthquake Hazards in the United States. Report 27. Evaluation of Ground Failure Displacement Associated with Soil Liquefaction: Compilation of Case Histories

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIV PROVO UT DEPT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1990-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

87.0

Abstract:

Liquefaction induced ground failure is responsible for considerable damage to engineering structures during major earthquakes. Only a few empirical models exist for predicting the amount of horizontal displacement resulting from liquefaction, and none has fully addressed both seismic and site factors which influence horizontal displacement. This study compiles case histories of liquefaction induced ground failure and tabulates seismic, geological, topographical, and soil properties that may affect permanent horizontal ground displacement to provide a data set for development of empirical predictive models. Case histories of lateral spreading gleaned from reports on the 1906 San Francisco, 1964 Alaska, 1964 Niigata, 1971 San Fernando, 1979 Imperial Valley, 1983 Nihonkai-Chubu, 1983 Borah Peak, Idaho, and 1987 Superstition Hills earthquakes are compiled. Techniques used to estimate pertinent measures that were not measured or documented in the original studies e.g. many maximum site accelerations, strong ground motion duration, and thickness of liquefiable sediments are also presented. Preliminary correlation regression analyses are done on the more pertinent measures to discover their value as predictor i.e. independent variables. The duration of strong ground motion and the thickness of the liquefied zone divided by the depth to the top of the liquefied zone are significant predictors of horizontal ground displacement at the 95 confidence level. edc

Subject Categories:

  • Seismology
  • Structural Engineering and Building Technology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE