Accession Number:

ADA220610

Title:

Environmental Transformation Products of Nitroaromatics and Nitramines: Literature Review and Recommendations for Analytical Method Development

Descriptive Note:

Special rept.

Corporate Author:

COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1990-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

28.0

Abstract:

One of the Armys major environmental problems is the contamination of soil and water with residues of explosives at many military facilities. This contamination occurred during the disposal of wastewater from production and load-and-pack operations, burning or detonation of off-specification material, and destruction of out of date explosives. The objective of this study was to review the literature to identify the products formed after explosives enter the environment and to identify those compounds for which certified analytical methods should be developed. Also, analytical methodology already developed for these compounds is summarized. The literature describing the environmental transformation of organic explosives and related compounds is reviewed in an attempt to identify those byproducts for which certified analytical methods should be developed. Among those compounds identified are TNT reduction products aminodinitrotoluenes and diaminonitrotoluenes and coupling products azoxytoluenes. The development of methods is also recommended for the amino derivatives of DNT, TNB, and DNB, as well as the nitroso derivatives of HMX and RDX. kt

Subject Categories:

  • Ammunition and Explosives
  • Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE