Urban Counterinsurgency: Case Studies and Implications for U.S. Military Forces
ABBOTT ASSOCIATES INC SPRINGFIELD VA
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This report examines five historical case studies to provide valuable insights for developing U.S. military counterinsurgency doctrine for urban areas. The report begins with an introduction to the nature of urban insurgency and then evaluates each case. The cases Palestine 1944-1947, Algeria 1954-1957, Cyprus 1955-1958, Venezuela 1960-1963, and Uruguay 1968-1972 are diverse in many areas including causes, intensity, insurgent and counterinsurgent strategies and tactics, the role of cities in the overall terrorist campaign, and outcome. After discussion of the case as a whole, emphasis shifts to military forces. The role of military forces in a governments total counterinsurgency effort is examined as are the details about military execution of this role. Political, legal, and strategic factors, organization and command and control, tactics, and equipment are discussed in detail. The report develops findings and conclusions and addresses their implications for U.S. military forces in future urban counterinsurgency operations. Keywords Urban warfare Urban terrorism Mout Counterinsurgency Low intensity conflict Lic Terrorism Conflict.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics