Relationship of Gender to Promotion and Retention Rates in the United States Air Force
AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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Research studies have shown that historically women in organizations have experienced discrimination in compensation. The purposes of this research were to a examine the effects of gender on promotions b estimate the financial effects of differential promotion opportunities and c determine if a relationship exists between promotion and retention rates. The study population consisted of all Air Force Nurse Corps female-dominated, Biomedical Sciences Corps male-dominated, and Medical Service Corps male-dominated officers eligible for promotion between 1977 and 1987 n 13,338. Comparative analysis revealed consistently lower promotion rates were experienced by the female-dominated group during the 11 year period. Calculated income horizons showed the Nurse Corps officer enjoyed a higher rate of return to investment than the Medical Service Corps officer, related to her earlier entry into the workforce and lower opportunity costs. Regression analysis indicated a strong positive relationship Beta weight .81867, p .0001 between a promotion and retention rates. Keywords Career advancement Female societal repressive trends.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations