Accession Number:

ADA218542

Title:

Hurricane-Generated Currents on the Outer Continental Shelf. 2. Model Sensitivity Studies

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL OCEAN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1989-09-15

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

A numerical model described and verified in part 1 of this two-part series Cooper and Thompson, this issue is applied to study the sensitivity of hurricane-generated currents on the outer shelf and slope. Numerical experiments are performed in a simple basin with a straight shelf. The sensitivity of the response to changes in storm parameters, direction of storm approach, and topography is quantified. Response is measured in terms of the mixed-layer velocity and depth at sites along the storm track. Results reveal the most important factors are in decreasing order wind speed, storm translation speed, direction of storm approach, asymmetry in the wind field, entrainment parameterization, and advection at slower storm translation speeds. Response is largely insensitive less than 10 to radius of maximum wind, shelf and slope configuration, bottom friction, atmospheric pressure gradients, and further reductions in the model grid size. For a storm approaching cross shelf, the response is primarily baroclinic greater than 90 and only weakly dependent less than 10 on the water depth at the site.

Subject Categories:

  • Physical and Dynamic Oceanography

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE