Research in Energetic Compounds
Interim rept. 12 Sep 1988-11 Sep 1989
FLUOROCHEM INC AZUSA CA
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During the 1960s, extensive research was supported on the synthesis of difluoramino compounds, with some incidental work on mixed nitro-difluoramino compounds. Emphasis was placed on the development of propellants rather than explosives. Although the difluoramino group is a potent oxidizing functional group, a problem in its utilization in explosives results from the fact that performance in this application is strongly related to oxygen balance. Univalent fluorine is half as effective as divalent oxygen in providing a stoichiometric combustion balance. Also, compounds with a high percentage of difluoramino groups are relatively sensitive to impact. These problems are minimized if only a few difluoramino groups, compared to nitro groups, are incorporated into a target molecule.
- Ammunition and Explosives