Evaluation of Fuel Cell Technology for Coast Guard Applications
COAST GUARD WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
Pagination or Media Count:
Recent proposals and the literature show promise of fuel cells being commercially available in the next decade. We searched the literature to determine the current state of fuel cell technology, to determine if fuel cells can be used by the U.S. Coast Guard, and to make proposals for possible research and development efforts by the Coast Guard. Alkaline and phosphoric acid fuel cell technologies are now technically capable of full scale commercial production. Molten Carbonate and Solid Oxide fuel cell technologies should be commercially produced within the next decade. Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell PAFC technology is the most promising for Coast Guard use. However, there is no operational need for fuel cells at present and high capital costs and low energy prices make them economically noncompetitive. We suggest three areas of RD to prepare for changes in operational needs or energy economics. They are operation of a 200 kW PAFC cogeneration plant to gain fuel cell experience development of low-maintenancehigh availability PAFC system for remote power and development of fuel cells for or aircraft propulsion in case there is a strategic crisis in petroleum distillate supplies. Keywords Alkaline fuel cells, Phosphoric acid fuel cells, Molten carbonate Fuel cells, Solid oxide Fuel cells, Fuel reformers, Power core auxiliaries, Power conditioning systems.
- Electrochemical Energy Storage