Accession Number:

ADA210597

Title:

The Spartan 1 Mission

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1980-1985

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC

Report Date:

1989-07-11

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

This report documents the first Spartan mission. The Spartan program, an outgrowth of a joint Naval Research Laboratory NRLNational Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center GSFC development effort, was instituted by NASA for launching autonomous, recoverable payloads from the space shuttle. These payloads have a precise pointing system and are intended to support a wide range of space-science observations and experiments. The first Spartan, carrying an NRL X-ray astronomy instrument, was launched by the orbiter Discovery STS51G on June 20, 1985 and recovered successfully 45 h later, on June 22. During this period, Spartan 1 conducted a preprogrammed series of observations of two X-ray sources -- the Perseus cluster of galaxies and the center of our galaxy. The mission was successful from both on engineering and a scientific viewpoint. Only one problem was encountered-the attitude control system ACS shut down earlier than planned because of high-attitude control-system gas consumption. A preplanned emergency mode then placed Spartan 1 into a stable, safe condition and allowed a safe recovery. This report describes the events of the mission and presents X-ray maps of the two observed sources, which have been produced from the flight data. Keywords X-ray astronomy Space shuttles Space launched payload.

Subject Categories:

  • Astrophysics
  • Astronautics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE