Accession Number:

ADA209934

Title:

Effect of Alloying, Rapid Solidification, and Surface Kinetics on the High Temperature Environmental Resistance of Niobium

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept. Nov 1985-Jan 1989

Corporate Author:

LOCKHEED MISSILES AND SPACE CO INC PALO ALTO CA RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT DIV

Report Date:

1989-06-23

Pagination or Media Count:

146.0

Abstract:

Factors affecting the formation of protective alumina scales on niobium-base alloys by selective oxidation have been investigated. Alumina cannot be formed in air at latm. on binary Nb-A1 alloys at any NAl. Theoretical knowledge of selective oxidation has been applied to Nb-A1 alloys to alter behavior. The effects of Al-content, temperature, atmosphere, third element additions, and microstructure on the transition from internal to external oxidation of aluminum has been evaluated and conditions under which protective alumina scales can form on Nb-A1 alloys have been defined. Third element additions are required to form protective alumina. The most effective additions are those which can reduce the solubility and diffusivity of oxygen, enhance diffusion of A1, and limit transient oxidation. Additions of Ti, Cr, V and Si were identified as most promising for providing oxidation resistance in Nb-A1 alloys. The feasibility of forming compact, adherent alumina scales on Nb alloys at a minimum NA10.32 in air at 1100-1600 C has been demonstrated. Alumina scale could not be formed below 1100 C. Preoxidation above 1100 C can be used to preform alumina scales that wil protect at lower temperatures but is effective only if the alloy is not cooled to room temperature prior to exposure at lower temperatures. Rapid solidification processing does not appear to offer any significant benefit.

Subject Categories:

  • Properties of Metals and Alloys
  • Fabrication Metallurgy

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE