Cultural Resources Mitigation at the McIlvaine Island Site (47Lc160) in Navigation Pool 7, Upper Mississippi River
Final rept. no. 72, Jun 1986-Jul 1987
MISSISSIPPI VALLEY ARCHAEOLOGY CENTER LA CROSSE WI
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Emergency investigations at the McIlvaine Island site during 1986 and 1987 have added substantially to our understanding of past use of the Pool 7 area of the Upper Mississippi River. Here, where the tributary Black River has formed an extensive delta rich in riverine and lacustrian resources, the McIlvaine site offered an ideal raised camp site. The investigations of this site were prompted because human skeletal remains were found, and the island is eroding rapidly. Initially, the study sought to recover additional possible burials or identify other significant remains. Later the project was expanded to mitigate the most severely threatened east end of the island, and a more thorough research plan was established. The latter study was not only to salvage burials if found but to also assess the integrity of the deposits, document past periods of site utilization, compare the materials adjacent regions, and evaluate the age of the burials. The site contains significant cultural deposits, and it recommended that the island be stabilized or rebuilt for cultural preservation and wildlife habitat.
- Humanities and History