Waffen SS: Friend or Foe? The 1978 Holtzman Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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Although the war with Germanys Third Reich was concluded 44 years ago, some of our former enemies are today haunted by a limitation levied on their basic freedom by the United States -- the right to cross international boarders of friendly nations. Most of these former enemies, were ordinary soldiers who fought for their country in a very elite formation, the Waffen-SS. This study examines the 1978 Holtzman Amendment to the Immigration and Nationality Act Nazi Germany P.L. 95-549. This paper examines the law itself and the impetus behind its enactment studies one specific population affected - - former members of the Waffen-SS and reviews its enforcement by mid-level bureaucrats in the service of the United States Government. The paper also provides a short history of the Waffen-SS as an army. This history is provided as a backdrop so that the reader can understand why the Holtzman Amendment may be prejudicial and unfair to some aliens wanting permission to enter the U.S. The studys conclusions cast a shadow of doubt over the bills popularity at the time of its passage. They also question the legality of certain provisions even though it has been tested many times in the courts of the United States. Finally, the study illustrates that, even though Congress provides specific direction and guidance when a bill is passed, that direction and guidance is sometimes ignored by the departments of government charged with the bills implementation. Federal law.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations