Instrumentation for Radiological Emergency Responses
ARMY BALLISTIC RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the instrumentation and associated techniques that would be used to perform radiological monitoring at an accidentincident involving the release of radioactive materials. This article is not intended to serve as a users manual for the various instruments. However, it is intended to include sufficient detail to provide an appreciation and use of such techniques in case of an emergency. For completeness, some elementary characteristics of different kinds of radiation are also included. Quantitative measurements of radioactive contamination in the field is extremely difficult. Particles having short ranges, such as alpha and low energy beta radiation, are significantly and incalculably affected by minute amounts of dust or precipitation. Therefore, detection - rather than measurement - is a more realistic goal for alpha-beta surveys. More penetrating radiations such as gamma and higher energy x-rays are less effected by such overburden.
- Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry
- Radiation Pollution and Control