Accession Number:

ADA207340

Title:

At the Crossroads of the NATO Burdensharing Debate - The U.S. Dilemma: Which Path to Choose?

Descriptive Note:

Study project

Corporate Author:

ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1989-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

68.0

Abstract:

This study focuses on the future of the United States burden-sharing responsibilities within NATO. It examines an alliance in transition -- assessing the future allocation of roles, risk, and responsibilities. The first segment concentrates on political, economic, social and technical impacts -- concluding that Europe must maintain primacy in U.S. defense planning the Soviet Union will continue to be the U.S.s most formidable adversary NATO must recognize its global responsibilities and the U.S. and its allies must strengthen cohesiveness through compromise. The second segment builds upon these judgements -- proposing ten guidelines for use in allocating burden within NATO. The analysis demonstrates that while many factors impact upon the burdensharing debate, economic assessments are the most contentious. Several economic assessments are conducted -- each showing that the U.S. contributes a disproportionately high share of the financial support to the alliance. The author then identifies factors which dictate a redistribution of costs, demonstrating that failure to reallocate expenses will neutralize the remaining nine findings. Specific recommendations include selected implementation of role specialization increased standardization recognition of indirect costs incorporation of non-quantitative commitments better use of multilateral agreements and a review of the current force structure within NATO. The study concludes by warning that although a redistribution of U.S. commitments is warranted, any reduction of U.S. responsibilities will bring with it a corresponding reduction in the United States dominant leadership role within NATO. Resource allocations.

Subject Categories:

  • Economics and Cost Analysis
  • Government and Political Science
  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE