Effects of Expertise and Cognitive Style on Information Use in Tactical Decision Making
Final technical rept. Oct 1984-Feb 1987
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA
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The objective of the research was to investigate the effects of individual differences in expertise and cognitive style on information use in a tactical decision making problem. Researchers also evaluated the effectiveness of decision making research involving automated information presentation and response recording. Expertise was varied by using eight lieutenant colonels instructors and eight majors students as participants. Cognitive style was measured with an individually administered Embedded Figures Test. Participants were each given two tactical problems to solve involving the development of a concept of operation for an offensive and defensive mission. The information available to them was typical of that available at a division command post except that it was presented by a computer system. The system automatically recorded what information the subject viewed and how he used the information to construct his order.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics