Accession Number:

ADA202847

Title:

The Amalgamation Controversy, 1917-1918: America's Fight for Independence

Descriptive Note:

Research rept.

Corporate Author:

AIR WAR COLL MAXWELL AFB AL

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

125.0

Abstract:

The paper is a historical case study of a significant issue in Americas coalition warfare experience. From Americas declaration of war in April 1917 until just prior to its first offensive as an independent army at St. Mihiel in September 1918, the French and British pressed for American manpower to be amalgamated by small groups--individuals, companies, battalions--into existing French and British formations. General John J. Pershing bore the responsibility for Americas fight for independence. His reasons range from protecting American national interests to distinct strategy and tactics. The French and British case was based on security assistance, including shipping, war materiel, and training programs. The acrimony of the debate, the extreme divergence of views, and the seriousness of the threat--a series of German offensives--illustrate the strains a coalition must weather to succeed on the battlefield. The conclusion offers insights, drawn from the controversy, to todays coalition warrior.

Subject Categories:

  • Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE