Accession Number:

ADA201093

Title:

Explanatory Coherence and Belief Revision in Naive Physics

Descriptive Note:

Technical rept.

Corporate Author:

PITTSBURGH UNIV PA LEARNING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1988-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

24.0

Abstract:

Students of reasoning have long tried to understand how people revise systems of beliefs. We maintain that people often change their beliefs in ways driven by considerations of explanatory coherence. This report describes computational model of how experimental subjects revise their naive beliefs about physical motion. First, instances are presented in which subjects changed their beliefs while learning elementary physics. Each of these cases involved an individuals attempt to explain a surprising observation. Next, we show how their belief revisions can be modeled using ECHO, a connectionist computer program that uses constraint satisfaction techniques to implement a theory of explanatory coherence. The resulting simulations even captured temporal characteristics of the observed changes in beliefs. Finally, the models representational sensitivity and procedural robustness are discussed and one can show how ECHO can be used to generate empirical predictions about subjects current beliefs. Keywords Explanatory coherence Belief revision Naive physics Connectionism.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Cybernetics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE