Diffusion of Linear Polisoprene Molecules Into Polisoprene Networks
AKRON UNIV OH INST OF POLYMER SCIENCE
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Diffusion and equilibrium absorption of polyisoprene liquids into crosslinked samples of cis-polyisoprene natural rubber have been studied by direct observation of volume swelling. Natural rubber was crosslinked in the form of fine threads, about 40 or - 20 micrometers in diameter, using a gaseous reaction with Sulfur dioxide and Hydrogen sulfide the Peachey process. An optical microscope was used to observe the relatively rapid absorption of linear high-molecular-weight polyisoprene liquids by these fine threads. From the kinetics of absorption, values of the self-diffusion coefficient of polyisoprene were estimated. Amounts of polymer absorbed at equilibrium varied widely, depending upon the degree of crosslinking of the host material and the molecular weight of the absorbing liquid. They were in reasonable agreement in all cases with simple swelling theory, with the heat of mixing equated to zero.
- Polymer Chemistry
- Elastomers and Rubber