Accession Number:

ADA200429

Title:

Comparison of Army Flight School Performance in Smokers and Nonsmokers

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1984-1985

Corporate Author:

ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL

Report Date:

1988-05-01

Pagination or Media Count:

23.0

Abstract:

The effects of smoking on performance were examined in this study by comparing flight school performance in groups of nonsmoking and smoking Army aviation students. Academic and in-flight grades for five phases of Initial Entry Rotary Wing IERW classes between January 1984 and November 1986 were extracted from Aviation Center records and compared to the students responses on the auxiliary questionnaire portion of the Aviator Epidemiologic Data Register, a comprehensive database collected yearly on every Army aviator by the joint effort of the U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory and the Aeromedical Activity. There were 2,025 students with data sufficiently complete and analysis, with the average age of 24.5 years, and with a rank and sex distribution as follows 96.3 percent males, 3.7 percent females 53.2 percent commissioned officers, 46.7 percent warrant officers. Through past studies 1982 have shown 56 percent of all Army personnel were smokers, strict criteria defining smokers and nonsmokers in this study, plus recent decreases in smoking rates, produced a 1585 ration of smokers to nonsmokers recent quitters and those who smoke less than one packday were not included in the analysis. That smoking is detrimental to overall health is clear from many controlled medical studies, however, using a very adequate number of aviators, no evidence of a statistically significant relationship was found between smoking behavior and flight school performance.

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations
  • Toxicology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE