Accession Number:

ADA200324

Title:

Environmental Fate of Nitroguanidine, Diethyleneglycol Dinitrate, and Hexachloroethane Smoke

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 May 1986-15 Apr 1987

Corporate Author:

SRI INTERNATIONAL MENLO PARK CA

Report Date:

1987-09-30

Pagination or Media Count:

69.0

Abstract:

The U.S. Army is responsible for the production of explosives used in conventional military weapons and chemicals used in screening devices to conceal equipment and personnel during military operations. Part of the Armys database to assess the health and environmental impact of such chemicals concerns how long such chemicals persist in the environment and the mechanisms by which their loss and movement is controlled once they are discharged from a manufacturing facility or utilized in training operations. Three chemicals either being produced or used by the Army are the propellants, nitroguanidine NG and diethyleneglycol dinitrate DEGDN, and hexachloroethane HCE, a major component of HC smoke. In Phase I Spanggord et al, 1985, the dominant pathways that control the loss and movement of these chemicals were identified through literature review and laboratory screening studies. These studies identified photolysis as a major transformation route for NG and DEGDN and biotransformation as a major route for HC, NG, and DEGDN.

Subject Categories:

  • Pyrotechnics
  • Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE