Accession Number:

ADA199624

Title:

Individual Differences in Attention

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 1 Jun 1987-31 May 1988

Corporate Author:

UTAH UNIV SALT LAKE CITY DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY

Report Date:

1988-07-18

Pagination or Media Count:

13.0

Abstract:

Air Force recruits N 513 viewed a long series of briefly presented, 4-word arrays. After each array, subjects received one of the four words as a probe and were asked to indicate the array location in which that word had appeared. Subjects were encouraged to distribute their attention evenly across array locations in a divided-attention condition. Different arrays presented different mixtures of novel never repeated and familiar often repeated words. Somewhat surprisingly, when a single novel word appeared with three familiar words, attention appeared to be allocated preferentially to the novel word. Subjects were encouraged to focus most of their attention on a prespecified location in a focused-attention condition and on a prespecified word in a target-localization condition. Not surprisingly, attention appeared to allocated preferentially to the prespecified locations and target words in these conditions.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE